Reports

Because effective policies and programs depend on evidence-based strategies, the Urban Initiative has collected various data, studies, and reports related to urban reproductive, sexual and maternal health policy. Search these resources below by Focus Area or Keyword.

114 reports found

Adolescents’ perceptions of health from disadvantaged urban communities: Findings from the WAVE study

The Well-being of Adolescents in Vulnerable Environments (WAVE) is a global study of young people living in disadvantaged urban communities from Baltimore, MD, Johannesburg, South Africa, Shanghai, China, New Delhi, India and Ibadan, Nigeria. WAVE was launched in the summer of 2011 to: 1) explore adolescents’ perceived health and their top health challenges; and 2) describe the factors that adolescents perceive to be related to their health and health care utilization. Researchers in each site conducted in-depth interviews among adolescents; community mapping and focus groups among adolescents; a Photovoice methodology, in which adolescents were trained in photography and took photos of the meaning of ‘health’ in their communities; and key informant interviews among adults who work with young people. A total 529 participants from across the sites were included in the analysis. Findings from the study showed that gender played a large role with regards to what adolescents considered as their top health challenges. Among females, sexual and reproductive health problems were primary health challenges, whereas among males, tobacco, drug, and alcohol consumption was of highest concern, which often resulted into acts of violence. Personal safety was also a top concern among males and females from Baltimore and Johannesburg, and among females in New Delhi and Ibadan. Factors perceived to influence health the most were the physical environment, which was characterized by inadequate sanitation and over-crowded buildings, and the social environment, which varied in influence by gender and site. Regardless of the study site, adolescents did not consider physical health as a top priority and very few felt the need to seek health care services. This study highlights the need to focus on underlying structural and social factors for promoting health and well-being among adolescents in disadvantaged urban environments.
PUBLISHED BY: Social Science and Medicine
FOCUS AREA:
PUBLICATION DATE: March 2014

Partnering with Public Schools: A Resident-Driven Reproductive Health Education Initiative

The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a resident lecture series on (1) Cleveland middle school students’ understanding of reproductive health and (2) resident physicians’ perceptions and attitudes regarding reproductive health, pregnancy, and sex education among young people. Our hypotheses were 2-fold: (1) Students’ knowledge of basic reproductive health and safe sex practices would improve over the course of the study period, as measured by a pre- vs post-test assessment. (2) Residents overall comfort with sexual health counseling and understanding of educational policy would improve over the course of the study.
PUBLISHED BY: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
FOCUS AREA:
PUBLICATION DATE: February 2014

The poverty-reducing effect of Medicaid

Medicaid provides health insurance for 54 million Americans. Using the Census Bureau's Supplemental Poverty Measure (which subtracts out-of-pocket medical expenses from family resources), we estimated the impact of eliminating Medicaid. In our counterfactual, Medicaid beneficiaries would become uninsured or gain other insurance. Counterfactual medical expenditures were drawn stochastically from propensity-score-matched individuals without Medicaid. While this method captures the importance of risk protection, it likely underestimates Medicaid's impact due to unobserved differences between Medicaid and non-Medicaid individuals. Nonetheless, we find that Medicaid reduces out-of-pocket medical spending from $871 to $376 per beneficiary, and decreases poverty rates by 1.0% among children, 2.2% among disabled adults, and 0.7% among elderly individuals. When factoring in institutionalized populations, an additional 500,000 people were kept out of poverty. Overall, Medicaid kept at least 2.6 million—and as many as 3.4 million—out of poverty in 2010, making it the U.S.’s third largest anti-poverty program.
PUBLISHED BY: Journal of Health Economics
FOCUS AREA:
PUBLICATION DATE: September 2013

Health Centers and Family Planning: Results of a Nationwide Study

Community health centers (CHCs) provided primary health care to over 20 million patients in 2011, 60% of whom are women and 25% of whom are women of childbearing age. Health centers play a central role in women’s health, because of their mission to furnish a full range of primary and preventive care services, including family planning and birth control for women of reproductive age. As a result of the Affordable Care Act, which provide for historic insurance expansions, broad first-dollar coverage of family planning services, and direct investment in CHCs, it is projected that health center capacity will virtually double by 2019, and accordingly, the role of health centers in the provision of women’s health care services can be expected to grow significantly. This study examines how health centers fulfill their family planning mission.
PUBLISHED BY: Geiger Gibson/RCHN Community Health Foundation Research Collaborative, the Jacobs Institute of Women’s Health, & George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services, Department of Health Policy
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Safety Net Services
PUBLICATION DATE: March 2013

Economic Security and Well-Being Index for Women in New York City

The Economic Security and Well-being Index for Women in New York City™ provides an in-depth analysis of the economic security, health and safety, and well-being of women in the 59 community districts. It analyzes issues that shape the lives of women and girls, including poverty, income and employment; violence and safety; and education and health. The report’s overarching goals are to: provide baseline information and data on the status of women and girls living throughout the five boroughs of New York City; inform public policies, resource allocation and programs at the local and state levels; and provide grantee partners, government officials, advocates and funders with easily accessible data on the myriad issues impacting women and girls in New York City.
PUBLISHED BY: The New York Women’s Foundation
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Health Disparities; HIV/AIDS and STIs; Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum
PUBLICATION DATE: March 2013

Teen Childbearing in Rural America

This research brief provides the first-ever data comparing teen childbearing in rural, suburban, and urban areas nationwide and examining how this has changed over time. The results reveal that teens in rural counties face the greatest risk of pregnancy, even greater than in urban centers. This is particularly true for older teens (age 18-19), and for teens in some racial/ethnic subgroups such as Native American teens. There are many factors that may account for the significant and growing disparity in teen birth rates across the rural/urban continuum, including differences in economic wellbeing and opportunity, service availability, and more.
PUBLISHED BY: The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy
FOCUS AREA: Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2013

“She Doesn’t Deserve to be Treated Like This”: Prisons as Sites of Reproductive Injustice

This paper explores prisons as sites of reproductive injustice by focusing on barriers to abortion and safe childbirth. After defining the concept of reproductive justice, the paper reviews the limits of the constitutional right to medical care in prison and the racial and class biases that characterize the criminal justice and prison systems. It then examines barriers to abortion care and pregnancy care to show that institutional resistance to abortion is not the result of a commitment to healthy pregnancy and childbirth. Rather, the failure to provide both forms of vital medical care is part of a widespread pattern of institutional neglect.
PUBLISHED BY: The Center for Women Policy Studies
FOCUS AREA: Reproductive Health for Incarcerated Women
PUBLICATION DATE: July 2012

Channeling Change: Making Collective Impact Work

What does a global effort to reduce malnutrition have in common with a program to reduce teenage substance abuse in a small rural Massachusetts county? Both have achieved significant progress toward their goals: the <a href="http://www.gainhealth.org/">Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition</a> (GAIN) has helped reduce nutritional deficiencies among 530 million poor people across the globe, while the <a href="http://www.communitiesthatcarecoalition.org/">Communities That Care Coalition of Franklin County and the North Quabbin</a> (Communities That Care) has made equally impressive progress toward its much more local goals, reducing teenage binge drinking by 31 percent. Surprisingly, neither organization owes its impact to a new previously untested intervention, nor to scaling up a high-performing nonprofit organization. Despite their dramatic differences in focus and scope, both succeeded by using a collective impact approach. The purpose of this article is to expand the understanding of collective impact and provide greater guidance for those who seek to initiate and lead collective impact initiatives around the world. In particular, we will focus on answering the questions we hear most often: How do we begin? How do we create alignment? And, How do we sustain the initiative?
PUBLISHED BY: Fay Hanleybrown, John Kania, & Mark Kramer
FOCUS AREA: Urban & Municipal Information
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2012

Urban Female Family Medicine Patients’ Perceptions About Intrauterine Contraception

Interviews were conducted with 40 reproductive aged women from two Bronx, New York family medicine practices with the intention of better understanding patient beliefs and attitudes that may act as a barrier to acceptance or use of IUDs. The results show that patients have conceptual concerns about the device, primarily related to the insertion of a device inside the body for a prolonged period of time and knowledge gaps regarding female reproductive anatomy. The authors recommend that these issues be addressed by providers of public health messages during IUD contraception counseling.
PUBLISHED BY: Journal of Women’s Health
FOCUS AREA: Health Disparities
PUBLICATION DATE: September 2011

The Intersection Between HIV/AIDS and Domestic Violence in Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander Women

This resource provides an analysis of the intersection of HIV/AIDS and domestic violence in the Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander community through a reproductive justice framework. This report reveals that traditional HIV interventions fail to account for the societal and structural barriers women face, the effect that social constructs such as gender, patriarchy, and culture have on women’s health, and the effect of violence on women’s reproductive health.
PUBLISHED BY: The Asian & Pacific Islander American Health Forum
FOCUS AREA: Health Disparities; Healthy Relationships; HIV/AIDS and STIs
PUBLICATION DATE: May 2011

The California Pregnancy-Associated Mortality Review

The California Pregnancy-Associated Mortality Review was started in 2004 to investigate the rise in maternal mortality and the widening racial/ethnic disparity and to identify possible reasons fro the rise in order to appropriately direct policy and programmatic interventions. This report describes the background to the problem, methodology for the review and findings from the first two years of case review.
PUBLISHED BY: California Department of Public Health, Maternal Child and Adolescent Health Division
FOCUS AREA: Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum
PUBLICATION DATE: April 2011

National Health Statistics Report: Sexual Behavior, Sexual Attraction, and Sexual Identity in the United States

Data from the 2006-2008 national Survey of Family Growth

This 2011 report presents national estimates of several measures of sexual behavior, sexual attraction, and sexual identity among males and females 15-44 years of age in the United States. Some significant findings include more young people delaying sexual activity, and more women than men are engaging in same-sex encounters.
PUBLISHED BY: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
FOCUS AREA: Comprehensive Sexuality Education; Family Planning and Abortion
PUBLICATION DATE: March 2011

Evaluation of the K-12 Responsible Sexual Behavior Education Initiative in the Cleveland Metropolitan School District

The 2009/2010 school year marks the fourth year of implementation of the Responsible Sexual Behavior (RSB) initiative in the Cleveland Metropolitan School District (CMSD). Through the RSB initiative, CMSD aims to provide comprehensive sexuality education to CMSD students each year from kindergarten through twelfth grade. This initiative has been evaluated each year since 2006 and has been found to have produced positive results for students exposed to it. This evaluation report includes both quantitative and qualitative data and data sources include students, trained physical education and health teachers, classroom observers, school principals and parents.
PUBLISHED BY: Philliber Research Associates and the AIDS Funding Collaborative
FOCUS AREA: Comprehensive Sexuality Education
PUBLICATION DATE: February 2011

Pew Internet & American Life Project: Health Topics

Health information remains one of the most important subjects that internet users research online. This report, based on a daily tracking survey on Americans’ use of the internet, finds eight in 10 Americans who use the Internet say they’ve used it to search for health data. But fewer than 50% of Americans representing groups such as the elderly, minorities and those belonging to low-income families seek health data online.
PUBLISHED BY: Pew Internet and American Life Project
FOCUS AREA: Health Disparities
PUBLICATION DATE: February 2011

Estimating the Impact of Expanding Medicaid Eligibility for Family Planning Services: 2011 Update

This report illustrates the potential of a small but important provision in the 2010 health reform legislation that gives states new authority to expand Medicaid eligibility for family planning services to women and men who are otherwise ineligible for the program. This report provides a tool to help gauge the potential impact in each state of taking up this new authority.
PUBLISHED BY: The Guttmacher Institute
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Safety Net Services
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2011

"If You Expect Us to Make Healthy Decisions, We Need Sex Ed"

A Report on Sexuality Education in the New York City Public School System

The New York City public school system has the country’s largest public school population, with approximately 1.1 million students. To date, sexuality education is not uniformly or consistently offered in public schools. This report provides a history of sexuality education in the New York City public school system, reviews the curricula currently being taught, and offers recommendations for improving sexuality education in the future, based on interviews with key stakeholders such as students, parents, teachers, advocates and elected officials.
PUBLISHED BY: NARAL Pro-Choice New York and the National Institute for Reproductive Health
FOCUS AREA: Comprehensive Sexuality Education
PUBLICATION DATE: November 2010

“She Said Abortion Could Cause Breast Cancer:” A Report on the Lies, Manipulations, and Privacy Violations of Crisis Pregnancy Centers in New York City

In 2009, NARAL Pro-Choice New York decided to conduct an undercover investigation of crisis pregnancy centers (CPCs) in New York. The purpose of this research was to determine how CPCs advertise themselves and whether or not they provide full options counseling, including complete and accurate information about abortion and contraception. The results presented in this report demonstrate that many CPCs in New York City consistently provide misinformation and seek to manipulate and scare the women who turn to them for care.
PUBLISHED BY: NARAL Pro-Choice New York and the National Institute for Reproductive Health
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion
PUBLICATION DATE: October 2010

Mothers Behind Bars

A state-by-state report card and analysis of federal policies on conditions of confinement for pregnant and parenting women and the effect on their children

The Rebecca Project and the National Women’s Law Center collaborated on this Report Card, which analyzes federal and state policies on prenatal care, shackling, and alternative sentencing programs and grades states on whether their policies help or harm incarcerated women in these key areas. This effort is intended to help advocates assess their own state’s policies affecting these significant phases of pregnancy, labor and delivery, and parenting.
PUBLISHED BY: The Rebecca Project for Human Rights and the National Women's Law Center
FOCUS AREA: Reproductive Health for Incarcerated Women
PUBLICATION DATE: October 2010

Raising Expectations in the Rockies

Colorado’s Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Industry and the Imperative for Real Sex Education

The federal government's heavy investment in abstinence-only-until-marriage programs has impacted states throughout the nation, including Colorado. The Healthy Colorado Youth Alliance and the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS) have joined together to take a closer look at Colorado’s abstinence-only-until-marriage industry and the effect it continues to have on Coloradan youth.
PUBLISHED BY: The Healthy Colorado Youth Alliance and the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS)
FOCUS AREA: Comprehensive Sexuality Education; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: September 2010

If You Really Care about Environmental Justice, You Should Care about Reproductive Justice!

This fact sheet describes Reproductive Justice and Environmental Justice as social justice movements working to "improve socioeconomic conditions for those living in poverty and to provide a forum for traditionally marginalized communities to advocate on their own behalf" and explains why the principles of Reproductive Justice advance Environmental Justice.
PUBLISHED BY: National Women's Law Center and Law Students for Reproductive Justice
FOCUS AREA: Environmental & Reproductive Justice
PUBLICATION DATE: September 2010

The Odyssey Years

Preventing Teen Pregnancy Among Older Teens

Older teens (ages 18–19) account for the vast majority of teen pregnancies and births in the United States, and their trends have been more discouraging than for younger teens overall. This report provides detailed new information on older teens’ knowledge, attitudes, behavior, and expectations related to relationships, sex, and contraception, and and takes a closer look at strategies that have been found to effectively change behavior related to teen pregnancy prevention among older teens.
PUBLISHED BY: The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy
FOCUS AREA: Comprehensive Sexuality Education; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: September 2010

Sex Redefined: The Reclassification of Oral-Genital Contact

Researchers surveyed college students and found the respondants were less likely to include oral-genital contact when asked what behaviors constituted “having sex.” The 2007 survey found that the proportion of students who thought oral-genital contact was sex has decreased by half since a similar survey in 1991. The researchers conclude that this shift has implications for STI prevention education and counseling.
PUBLISHED BY: Guttmacher Institute
FOCUS AREA: HIV/AIDS and STIs; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: June 2010

Health Departments Role in Expanding Syringe Access

This fact sheet outlines the roles of state and local health departments in expanding access to syringe access with profiles of syringe access programs and a list of best practices for syringe access programs.
PUBLISHED BY: National Alliance of State and Territorial AIDS Directors
FOCUS AREA: HIV/AIDS and STIs
PUBLICATION DATE: June 2010

Routine Jail-Based HIV Testing -- Rhode Island, 2000--2007

This report analyzes data from the Rhode Island Department of Corrections (RIDOC) to determine the success of their HIV testing program in jail settings. RIDOC routinely provides HIV testing during the initial medical exam conducted within 24 hours of admission. From 2000-2007, RIDOC provided HIV tests to 73% of people entering jails. Of the 102,229 tests provided, 169 detainees had HIV infections. To HIV positive detainees, the RIDOC provides HIV care inside correctional facilities and connects released detainees with services upon release.
PUBLISHED BY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
FOCUS AREA: HIV/AIDS and STIs; Reproductive Health for Incarcerated Women
PUBLICATION DATE: June 2010

Teenagers in the United States: Sexual Activity, Contraceptive Use, and Childbearing

National Survey of Family Growth 2006-2008

In this analysis of the National Survey of Family Growth, researchers provide an overview of teenage sexual activity, contraceptive use and childbearing from 2006-2008 with comparisons from previous surveys. Some findings are unchanged from previous surveys, including reports of sexual experience (42% of never-married female teenagers and 43% of male teenagers), and the condom is still the most popular contraceptive method. Some changes include an increase in female teenagers’ use of the rhythm or “calendar” method of contraception, and an increase in male teenagers’ use of condoms and condoms combined with hormonal contraception.
PUBLISHED BY: Centers for Disease Control
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: June 2010

Adolescents' Reports of Communication With Their Parents About Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Birth Control: 1988, 1995, and 2002

Researchers look at data from the National Survey of Family Growth and the National Survey of Adolescent Males to evaluate whether adolescents’ conversations with their parents about reproductive and sexual health have changed among never-married teens 15-17. While male adolescents’ communication with their parents about birth control methods seems stable, female adolescents are less likely to be communicating with their parents about reproductive and sexual health issues.
PUBLISHED BY: Journal of Adolescent Health
FOCUS AREA: Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: June 2010

Withdrawal Attitudes and Experiences: A Qualitative Perspective Among Young Urban Adults

Researchers conducted interviews with urban young adults to assess attitudes about the birth control method, withdrawal. The researchers found that while withdrawal is a popular birth control method, attitudes about its effectiveness is varied. Reasons cited for using withdrawal included dissatisfaction with hormonal methods and condoms. The interviews also revealed that the young people using withdrawal had rarely discussed the method with their health care provider.
PUBLISHED BY: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: June 2010

Diagnoses of HIV infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2008

This 2008 surveillance report provides the most recent data on HIV and AIDS in the United States. The report is divided into four sections: diagnoses of HIV infections and AIDS, deaths and survival of persons with a diagnosis of HIV infection or AIDS, persons living with a diagnosis of HIV infection or AIDS, and HIV infection and AIDS data by state and metropolitan statistical area.
PUBLISHED BY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
FOCUS AREA: HIV/AIDS and STIs
PUBLICATION DATE: June 2010

Pregnancy-Associated Mortality, New York City, 2001-2005

This report by the New York City Maternal Mortality Review Team provides analysis on all pregnancy-related (either caused or exacerbated by pregnancy) maternal deaths that occurred in NYC from 2001-2005. The report summarizes the causes and conditions of death for these women and offers select information regarding their demographic, antepartum, and delivery characteristics. In addition, the report provides information about maternal deaths that were not pregnancy-related.
PUBLISHED BY: NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
FOCUS AREA: Health Disparities; Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum
PUBLICATION DATE: June 2010

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Young Adults: Prevalence, Perceived Risk, and Risk-Taking Behavior

This research brief examines recently released data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and finds that despite the fact that 15% of young people ages 18-26 have had an STI over the past year, young adults’ perceived risk of contracting an STI is low.
PUBLISHED BY: Child Trends
FOCUS AREA: HIV/AIDS and STIs; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: May 2010

State of Metropolitan America: On the Front Lines of Demographic Transformation

This report examines the demographic and social trends in the nation’s largest metropolitan areas and discusses what these trends imply for public policies. The report is made up of nine chapters on the following topics: population and migration, race and ethnicity, immigration, age, households and families, educational attainment, work, income and poverty, and commuting.
PUBLISHED BY: Brookings Institution
FOCUS AREA: Urban & Municipal Information
PUBLICATION DATE: May 2010

Characteristics of U.S. Abortion Patients, 2008

This report outlines many characteristics of the women who obtained abortions in 2008. The researchers found that the majority of women obtaining abortions were in their 20s, 33% lacked health insurance, 61% already had at least one child, and 42% were poor (up from 27% in 2000).
PUBLISHED BY: Guttmacher Institute
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion
PUBLICATION DATE: May 2010

Use of Contraception in the United States: 1982-2008

This report presents the most recent national estimates of contraceptive use and method choice from the National Survey of Family Growth in the years 1982, 1995, 2002, and 2006-2008.
PUBLISHED BY: Centers for Disease Control
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion
PUBLICATION DATE: May 2010

Evaluating Comprehensive Sex Education Curricula for Potential Adaptation in New York City

This report analyzes the comprehensive sexuality education curricula in four urban school districts, Anchorage School District (Anchorage, AK), Cleveland Metropolitan School District (Cleveland, OH), Seattle Public Schools (Seattle, WA), and District of Columbia Public Schools (Washington, DC). The report then compares these curricula with the New York City program.
PUBLISHED BY: The New School
FOCUS AREA: Comprehensive Sexuality Education
PUBLICATION DATE: May 2010

Contraceptive Needs and Services: National and State Data, 2008 Update

In this report, researchers find that in 2008 the number of women in need of publicly funded family planning services increased by 6% since 2000. This increase is due to an increase in the number of poor women who needed publicly funded contraceptive services and supplies.
PUBLISHED BY: Guttmacher Institute
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Safety Net Services
PUBLICATION DATE: May 2010

Home Screening Compared With Clinic-Based Screening for Sexually Transmitted Infections

Researchers found that women overwhelmingly preferred home testing for STIs to screening in a clinic or with their medical provider. The women who chose to undergo testing at home were more likely to complete the test than the women who stated a preference to go into an office for screening.
PUBLISHED BY: Obstetrics and Gynecology
FOCUS AREA: HIV/AIDS and STIs
PUBLICATION DATE: April 2010

Safe Space: Activist's Guide to Clinic Buffer Zones

This guide grew out of the experience of the Women’s Law Project and its clients, the reproductive health care providers of Pennsylvania, who worked with Pittsburgh City Council to pass a Medical Safety Zone Ordinance in 2005. With one modification in 2009 which concluded a federal court challenge to the constitutionality of the ordinance, this law has been in effect since that time. This guide describes the Women's Law Project's experience in passing and defending this legislation.
PUBLISHED BY: Women's Law Project
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion
PUBLICATION DATE: April 2010

Community Ideas for Improving the Response to the Domestic HIV Epidemic: A Report on a National Dialogue on HIV/AIDS

This report from the White House Office of National AIDS Policy (ONAP) is the result of community discussions and solicitations for suggestions through the ONAP website that were held to help develop a National HIV/AIDS strategy to prevent new HIV infections, increase access to care and optimize health outcomes, and reduce HIV-related health disparities.
PUBLISHED BY: White House Office of National AIDS Policy
FOCUS AREA: HIV/AIDS and STIs
PUBLICATION DATE: April 2010

Characteristics Associated with Sex After Periods Of Abstinence Among Sexually Experienced Young Women

Researchers in this study examined the patterns of sexual activity and periods of abstinence among urban young women having sex intermittently. The findings provide suggestions for improvements in reproductive and sexual health counseling for young people.
PUBLISHED BY: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: March 2010

Advancing Reproductive Justice in Immigrant Communities: Promotoras/es de Salud as a Model

In this new report the National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health highlights their work with promotoras/es de salud (community health workers) and highlights the connection between promotoras/es and reproductive justice as an opportunity for movement building and social change.
PUBLISHED BY: National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health
FOCUS AREA: Reproductive Health Care for Immigrants
PUBLICATION DATE: March 2010

Parents’ Perspectives on Talking to Preteenage Children About Sex

In this study researchers conducted focus groups that found that even though many parents believe that talking to their children about sex is important and effective, many of these parents had still not talked to their children about sex.
PUBLISHED BY: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
FOCUS AREA: Comprehensive Sexuality Education; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: March 2010

Deadly Delivery: The Maternal Health Care Crisis in the USA

This report highlights the current crisis in US maternal health care where maternal mortality is increasing. Amnesty International provides a human rights argument for improving access to quality care to improve maternal health.
PUBLISHED BY: Amnesty International USA
FOCUS AREA: Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum
PUBLICATION DATE: March 2010

Youth Development and Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health

A March 2010 supplement to the Journal of Adolescent Health includes articles focusing on how to promote healthy behaviors to impact adolescent sexual and reproductive health.
PUBLISHED BY: Journal of Adolescent Health
FOCUS AREA: Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: March 2010

Male reproductive control of women who have experienced intimate partner violence in the United States

Researchers conducted qualitative interviews with women at a family planning clinic providing comprehensive reproductive health services, a free-standing abortion clinic, and a domestic violence shelter to assess the women’s experiences of reproductive control. The study found that 53 respondents (74%) reported having experienced some type of reproductive control.
PUBLISHED BY: Guttmacher Institute, Social Science and Medicine
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Healthy Relationships
PUBLICATION DATE: February 2010

Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infection/Human Immunodeficiency Virus Counseling Services Received by Teen Males, 1995–2002

Researchers found that between 1995 and 2002, the STI and HIV counseling boys ages 15-19 received did not improve. In 2002 only one third of boys ages 15-19 who reported having three or more female sexual partners, reported anal sex with females, or oral/anal sex with males, received counseling while only 26% of high risk boys reported receiving counseling.
PUBLISHED BY: Journal of Adolescent Health
FOCUS AREA: HIV/AIDS and STIs; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: February 2010

National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Strategic Plan 2010-2015

The CDC has developed this Strategic Plan to guide current prevention efforts. Since the last Strategic Plan was released in the 1990s the epidemiology of HIV, viral hepatitis, STDs, and TB has changed. The six goals outlined in the Strategic Plan include prevention through healthcare, program collaboration and service integration, health equity, global health protection and health systems strengthening, partnerships, and workforce development and capacity building.
PUBLISHED BY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
FOCUS AREA: Health Disparities; HIV/AIDS and STIs
PUBLICATION DATE: February 2010

Transforming Maternity Care: Vision and Blueprint

This series of reports organized by Childbirth Connection is the culmination of a rigorous project to bring maternal care stakeholders together to determine ways to improve maternity care in the United States. The report, 2020 Vision for a High-Quality, High-Value Maternity Care System, describes the results of these efforts. Another report, Blueprint for Action, provides concrete recommendations for how to achieve these goals. The results of this process were published in the Women’s Health Issues journal. For more information about the project, please go here: http://www.childbirthconnection.org/article.asp?ClickedLink=1018&ck=10623&area=2.
PUBLISHED BY: Women’s Health Issues
FOCUS AREA: Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum
PUBLICATION DATE: February 2010

Bricks, Mortar, and Community: The Foundations of Supportive Housing for Pregnant and Parenting Teens

Findings from the Field

This report sets out the goal of identifying the core components of supportive housing for pregnant and parenting teens. To complete this goal, the Healthy Teen Network convened a national advisory group of experts from the fields of housing, child welfare, transitional living, and pregnant and parenting teens, conducted qualitative and quantitative surveys of current supportive housing programs, and developed case studies of supportive housing programs that are exemplary in the core components identified.
PUBLISHED BY: Healthy Teen Network
FOCUS AREA: Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum; Reproductive Health for Homeless Women; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2010

U.S. Teenage Pregnancies, Births and Abortions: National and State Trends and Trends by Race and Ethnicity

This comprehensive report contains the most current teenage pregnancy, birth, and abortion statistics available, with national estimates through 2006, and state-level estimates through 2005. The report finds that in 2006 teenage pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates increased.
PUBLISHED BY: Guttmacher Institute
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2010

Healthy Teen Network’s Evidence-Based Resource Center

This resource provides information on evidence-based programs for sexuality education with critical tips on how to choose a program based on the population and how to make appropriate changes based on the target community.
PUBLISHED BY: Healthy Teen Network
FOCUS AREA: Comprehensive Sexuality Education
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2010

Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) - United States, 2009

The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors priority health-risk behaviors among youth and young adults. The YRBSS includes a national school-based survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and state, territorial, tribal, and district surveys conducted by state, territorial, and local education and health agencies and tribal governments.
PUBLISHED BY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
FOCUS AREA: Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2010

Social Determinants of Health

This supplement to the Public Health Reports journal examines the role of social determinants of health in preventing HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Tuberculosis.
PUBLISHED BY: Public Health Reports
FOCUS AREA: Health Disparities
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2010

Unintended Pregnancy Among U.S. adolescents: Accounting for Sexual Activity

Researchers recalculated unintended pregnancy rates for adolescents to only include adolescents who are sexually active and found that women ages 15-19 have the highest unintended pregnancy rates.
PUBLISHED BY: Journal of Adolescent Health
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2010

National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy’s Information on Federal Funding for Teen Pregnancy Prevention Programs

This resource provides up-to-date information about the new federal funding for teen pregnancy prevention, including a list of programs with evidence of success, tips on messaging around comprehensive sexuality education, and data and resources.
PUBLISHED BY: National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy
FOCUS AREA: Comprehensive Sexuality Education; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2010

Key Questions for Consideration as a New Federal Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative is Implemented

This report examines key questions for the Obama Administration’s new plans to provide federal support for comprehensive sexuality education programs.
PUBLISHED BY: Guttmacher Institute
FOCUS AREA: Comprehensive Sexuality Education
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2010

The Suburbanization of Poverty: Trends in Metropolitan America, 2000 to 2008

Brookings Institute’s Metropolitan Policy Program new report on poverty within U.S. metropolitan areas

The report found that over the last decade, poverty has a remained a continuing challenge for urban areas, but has also increased in suburban communities. The report also contains an analysis of all metropolitan areas included in the report.
PUBLISHED BY: Brookings Institute Metropolitan Policy Program
FOCUS AREA: Health Disparities; Urban & Municipal Information
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2010

That's What He Said

What Guys Think About Sex, Love, Contraception, and Relationships

To date, much of the research on teen and unplanned pregnancy—its causes and remedies—has focused on girls and women. But the nearly 1.5 million teen girls and single women in their early 20s who find themselves unintentionally pregnant every year don’t get there by themselves. The National Campaign partnered with Seventeen magazine to better understand what guys think about these issues.
PUBLISHED BY: The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy and Seventeen Magazine
FOCUS AREA: Healthy Relationships
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2010

A Real-Time Look at the Impact of the Recession on Publicly Funded Family Planning Centers

This report provides data and analysis on how the recent recession is affecting safety net family planning services in publicly funded centers. These centers are dealing with increased need, both because more women are becoming uninsured but also because one effect of the recession is that women are choosing to delay childbearing, and decreased budgets to provide free or low-cost services to women in need. The report specifically focuses on experiences between early 2008 and early 2009.
PUBLISHED BY: Guttmacher Institute
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Safety Net Services
PUBLICATION DATE: December 2009

Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance, 2008

Published in 2009 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

This report, which is updated annually, presents new statistics and developing trends regarding sexually transmitted infections in the United States. It provides special focus profiles for groups that are particularly vulnerable to STIs. These groups include Women and Infants, Adolescents and Young Adults, Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Men Who Have Sex with Men and Persons Entering Correctional Facilities.
PUBLISHED BY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
FOCUS AREA: HIV/AIDS and STIs; Young People; Reproductive Health for Incarcerated Women
PUBLICATION DATE: November 2009

Women and HIV/AIDS in the United States

This fact sheet presents an overview of the effects of the HIV epidemic on American women, particularly women of color. It offers information about access to health care among women with HIV/AIDS.
PUBLISHED BY: The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation
FOCUS AREA: Health Disparities; HIV/AIDS and STIs
PUBLICATION DATE: September 2009

HIV Prevention in the United States: At a Critical Crossroads

This report draws attention to the American HIV crisis. It calls for the expansion of access to HIV prevention programs, the integration of new HIV prevention techniques into existing programs, and the effective allocation of HIV prevention resources.
PUBLISHED BY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
FOCUS AREA: HIV/AIDS and STIs
PUBLICATION DATE: August 2009

Reproductive Roulette

This report and interactive slide presentation makes important connections between increased chemical exposures and adverse reproductive health outcomes, including infertility in both men and women, miscarriage, and birth defects.
PUBLISHED BY: The Center for American Progress
FOCUS AREA: Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum; Environmental & Reproductive Justice
PUBLICATION DATE: July 2009

Home Visiting for At-Risk Families: A Primer On a Major Obama Administration Initiative

Written by Heather D. Boonstra

This report analyzes the costs and benefits of nurse home visiting programs, which pair new families with trained professionals who offer parenting resources and support. It outlines the evolution and status of these programs.
PUBLISHED BY: Guttmacher Policy Review
FOCUS AREA: Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum
PUBLICATION DATE: July 2009

Changing Behavior Risk for Pregnancy Among High School Students in the United States, 1991-2007

In this article the authors examined why teenage births increased in 2006 and 2007, after decreasing for almost a decade.
PUBLISHED BY: Journal of Adolescent Health
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: July 2009

Putting Women’s Health Care Disparities on the Map: Examining Racial and Ethnic Disparities at the State Level

Published in June 2009 by the Kaiser Family Foundation

This report examines the disparities that exist in women’s health care between different racial and ethnic groups. The authors found that women of color had lower levels of health care in almost every respect to white women. The report also provides policy implications for the health disparities.
PUBLISHED BY: Kaiser Family Foundation
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Health Disparities; Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum; HIV/AIDS and STIs; Safety Net Services
PUBLICATION DATE: June 2009

HIV/AIDS and Young Men Who Have Sex with Men

Fact Sheet from the CDC’s Division of Adolescent and School Health

This fact sheet provides strategies for addressing HIV/AIDS among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), a group that is disproportionately affected by the HIV virus.
PUBLISHED BY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
FOCUS AREA: HIV/AIDS and STIs; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: May 2009

Taxpayer Financed Crisis Pregnancy Centers in Texas: A Hidden Threat to Women’s Health

This annual report, “Crisis Pregnancy Centers in Texas: A Hidden Threat to Women’s Health,” provides an overview of what crisis pregnancy centers (CPC) are and what they are not, why public funding for their services is controversial and detrimental to the health of Texas women, and why Texans should be seriously concerned about the lack of accountability and regulation regarding this use of millions of dollars of taxpayer money.
PUBLISHED BY: NARAL Pro-Choice Texas
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion
PUBLICATION DATE: April 2009

Detained and Dismissed: Women's Struggles to Obtain Health Care in United States Immigration Detention

This report sheds light on the abuse and mistreatment that characterize the medical treatment of immigration detainees. It calls for the improvement of medical care for female immigration detainees in the United States.
PUBLISHED BY: Human Rights Watch
FOCUS AREA: Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum; Reproductive Health Care for Immigrants
PUBLICATION DATE: March 2009

Barriers to Entry: Ensuring Equitable and Timely Access to Medi-Cal for Pregnant Women

Published in 2009 by ACCESS/Women’s Healthy Rights Coalition.

This policy brief examines the barriers women face when trying to access Medicaid coverage for health care when pregnant, whether women are choosing to terminate or continue their pregnancy, and provide recommendations on how to improve access.
PUBLISHED BY: ACCESS/Women’s Healthy Rights Coalition.
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Health Disparities; Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum; Safety Net Services
PUBLICATION DATE: March 2009

HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report: Cases of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2007

Published in 2009 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

This report provides detailed statistics about new incidences of HIV and AIDS in the United States.
PUBLISHED BY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
FOCUS AREA: HIV/AIDS and STIs
PUBLICATION DATE: February 2009

Next Steps for America’s Family Planning Program

Leveraging the Potential of Medicaid and Title X in an Evolving Health Care System

This report provides a comprehensive overview of the importance of family planning, how women receive these services, and the critical role of publicly funded family planning services through Title X and Medicaid. The report also highlights how Medicaid and Title X work together with Medicaid reimbursing and Title X infrastructure support to fill in service gaps.
PUBLISHED BY: Guttmacher Institute
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion
PUBLICATION DATE: February 2009

Runaway and Homeless Youth and Relationship Violence Toolkit

This online toolkit provides guidance materials for practitioners, including research and resources, and tips for finding common ground between programs working with homeless and runaway youth and those focusing more specifically on domestic and sexual violence. In addition, there are sections that outline how to build successful partnerships, provide services, and measure success.
PUBLISHED BY: National Resource Center on Domestic Violence and the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence
FOCUS AREA: Healthy Relationships; Reproductive Health for Homeless Women; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2009

Getting Current: Recent Demographic Trends in Metropolitan America

Written by William H. Frey and others

This report calls for Congress and the Obama Administration to reorganize old programs and develop new policies that reflect current demographic trends for urban areas. In particular, it suggests that programs address shifts in immigration, racial and ethnic disparities, and suburban poverty.
PUBLISHED BY: The Brookings Institution Metropolitan Policy Program
FOCUS AREA: Safety Net Services; Young People; Urban & Municipal Information
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2009

Looking Both Ways: Women’s Lives at the Crossroads of Reproductive Justice and Climate Justice

In this report, Asian Communities for Reproductive Justice (ACRJ) highlights the importance of involving historically marginalized communities in combating climate change. ACRJ explores how “looking both ways” and addressing the causes of climate change and its impact on these communities, can protect women of color, low-income, and immigrant women as well as foster new and innovative strategies and partnerships. The report also examines how a reproductive justice lens can and should be applied to climate change at the city, regional, state and national levels.
PUBLISHED BY: Asian Communities for Reproductive Justice (ACRJ)
FOCUS AREA: Environmental & Reproductive Justice
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2009

A Position Statement for California’s School Health Centers

California School Health Centers Association (CSHC) drafted a position statement on reproductive health services and education at school based health centers. This document outlines the evidence around school based clinics in California, along with recommendations from CSHC and its board of directors.
PUBLISHED BY: California School Health Centers Association (CSHC)
FOCUS AREA: Comprehensive Sexuality Education; Family Planning and Abortion; HIV/AIDS and STIs; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2009

A Status Report on Hunger and Homelessness in America's Cities: A 29-City Survey

Published in December 2008 by the U.S. Conference of Mayors.

This report provides statistics about homelessness in American cities, including the main reasons for becoming homeless and barriers to housing homeless individuals. It stresses the impact of domestic violence as a contributing factor to becoming homeless. Additionally, the report outlines different cities’ plans for combating homelessness.
PUBLISHED BY: The United States Conference of Mayors
FOCUS AREA: Healthy Relationships; Reproductive Health for Homeless Women; Urban & Municipal Information
PUBLICATION DATE: December 2008

Understanding Disparities in the HIV Epidemic

Written by J. Augustine and E. Bridges in 2008, published by Advocates for Youth.

This report examines the underlying causes of the HIV Epidemic in the African-American community. The report shows that even with equal or less sexual risk behavior, African Americans are at a higher risk for contracting HIV.
PUBLISHED BY: Advocates for Youth
FOCUS AREA: Health Disparities; HIV/AIDS and STIs
PUBLICATION DATE: October 2008

Shaping our Legacy: Reproductive Health and the Environment, A report on the Summit on Environmental Challenges to Reproductive Health and Fertility

This report outlines the finds from the Summit on Environmental Challenges to Reproductive Health and Fertility, organized by UCSF and the Collaborative on Health and the Environment, whose goal was to lay out the current scientific findings linking to chemical exposures and impaired reproductive health.
PUBLISHED BY: The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), Program on Reproductive Health and the Environment, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences
FOCUS AREA: Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum; Environmental & Reproductive Justice
PUBLICATION DATE: September 2008

Abortion and Women of Color: The Big Picture

Written by S. A. Cohen, published in the summer 2008 edition of the Guttmacher Policy Review.

This article examines the causes for racial disparities in abortion and unintended pregnancy rates.
PUBLISHED BY: Guttmacher Policy Review
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Health Disparities
PUBLICATION DATE: June 2008

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance—United States, 2007

Published in June, 2008 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

This report presents the findings of the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Study. Results include the percentage of young people who have ever had sexual intercourse, who are sexually active, and who did not use a condom consistently. Other findings include the percentage of students who were taught about HIV/AIDS in schools.
PUBLISHED BY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Comprehensive Sexuality Education; HIV/AIDS and STIs; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: June 2008

Intimate Partner Violence among Pregnant and Parenting Women: Local Health Department Strategies for Assessment, Intervention, and Prevention

Published in 2008 by the National Association of County & City Health Officials.

This issue brief stresses the important health problems created by intimate partner violence and that local health departments can work to address this problem. It provides four examples of how local health departments integrated intimate partner violence screening among pregnant and parenting women and violence prevention into existing services.
PUBLISHED BY: National Association of County and City Health Officials
FOCUS AREA: Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum; Healthy Relationships
PUBLICATION DATE: June 2008

The HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the United States

Fact Sheet from the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation’s HIV/AIDS Policy Fact Sheet, published in March 2008.

This fact sheet provides an overview of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and its impact on racial and ethnic minorities, women, young people and men who have sex with men.
PUBLISHED BY: Kaiser Family Foundation
FOCUS AREA: HIV/AIDS and STIs; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: March 2008

Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections and Bacterial Vaginosis among Female Adolescents in the United States: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2004

Written by Sara E. Forhan, Sami L. Gottlieb, Maya R. Sternberg, Fujie Xu, S. Deblina Datta, Stuart Berman, and Lauri E. Markowitz, presented at the March 10-13 2008 National STD Prevention Conference in Chicago.

This study determined that sexually transmitted infections and bacterial vaginosis are very prevalent among female adolescents in the United States. The authors wrote that prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections should be a focus of public health officials.
PUBLISHED BY: 2008 National STD Prevention Conference
FOCUS AREA: Health Disparities; HIV/AIDS and STIs; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: March 2008

Emerging Answers 2007: Research Findings on Programs to Reduce Teen Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Written by Douglas Kirby, published in 2007 by the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.

This report summarizes the research results on sexual risk behavior and how it affects teen pregnancy and STIs. It also lists the different programs that have successfully reduced pregnancy, STIs and sexual risk-taking among teens.
PUBLISHED BY: The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy
FOCUS AREA: Comprehensive Sexuality Education; Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum; HIV/AIDS and STIs; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: November 2007

Big Cities Health Inventory: The Health of Urban America, 2007

Published by National Association of County and City Health Officials, Benbow, N., editor. Washington, D.C. 2007

This report provides statistics regarding health in urban areas. Areas addressed in the report include STIs, HIV/AIDS, Infant Mortality, Fertility, Teenage Pregnancy and Low Birthweight.
PUBLISHED BY: Big Cities Health Inventory: The Health of Urban America, 2007
FOCUS AREA: Health Disparities; Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum; HIV/AIDS and STIs; Young People; Urban & Municipal Information
PUBLICATION DATE: July 2007

Glossed Over: Health Hazards Associated with Toxic Exposures in Nail Salons

This report highlights the toxic chemicals found in products used in nail salons and the health impact these chemicals can have on women, particularly those who work in nail salons.
PUBLISHED BY: Women’s Voices for the Earth
FOCUS AREA: Environmental & Reproductive Justice
PUBLICATION DATE: February 2007

The Impact of Anti-Immigrant Policy on Publicly Subsidized Reproductive Health Care

This report analyzes how increasing anti-immigrant policy decisions are restricting access to reproductive health care for immigrant women, particularly access to care through the Medicaid program.
PUBLISHED BY: Guttmacher Policy Review
FOCUS AREA: Reproductive Health Care for Immigrants
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2007

African Americans, Health Disparities and HIV/AIDS: Recommendations for Confronting the Epidemic in Black America

Written by Robert E. Fullilove published in November 2006 by the National Minority AIDS Council.

This report addresses the disproportionately high HIV infection rate and AIDS-related death rates for African Americans.
PUBLISHED BY: National Minority AIDS Council
FOCUS AREA: Health Disparities; HIV/AIDS and STIs
PUBLICATION DATE: November 2006

U.S. Teenage Pregnancy Statistics: National and State Trends and Trends by Race and Ethnicity

Published September 2006 by the Guttmacher Institute.

This report attributes the decline in teenage pregnancy to increased abstinence and changes in contraceptive practice. This report provides detailed statistics regarding teen pregnancy, including breakdowns by race and ethnicity and state.
PUBLISHED BY: Guttmacher Institute
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: September 2006

Listening to Latinas: Barriers to High School Graduation

Listening to Latinas examines the factors—including language barriers and high teen pregnancy rates—that contribute to high dropout rates among Latinas. The report also offers suggestions for how to improve graduation rates and prepare Latina students for college.
PUBLISHED BY: The National Women’s Law Center and the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund
FOCUS AREA: Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: August 2006

Disparities in Rates of Unintended Pregnancy in the United States, 1994 and 2001. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

by L.B. Finer and S.K. Henshaw, published in the June 2006 issue of Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 38(2): 90-96

This article examines differences in unintended pregnancy rates among subgroups of the population. The authors found that the rate of unintended pregnancy declined among certain subgroups, such as adolescents, college graduates and affluent women, but increased among other subgroups, including poor and less educated women.
PUBLISHED BY: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Health Disparities; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: June 2006

Medicaid and SCHIP Eligibility for Immigrants

This fact sheet provides information about the barriers that immigrants face when attempting to access public health coverage programs. It outlines Medicaid and SCHIP eligibility restrictions that affect immigrant populations.
PUBLISHED BY: The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation
FOCUS AREA: Safety Net Services; Reproductive Health Care for Immigrants
PUBLICATION DATE: April 2006

Health Care for Adolescents and Young Adults Leaving Foster Care: Policy Options for Improving Access

by A. English, AJ Stinnett, E. Dunn-Georgiou, Center for Adolescent Health & the Law in February 2006

This article describes the barriers to health care that adolescents face when they age out of the foster care system and offers policy recommendations to improve their access to health care.
PUBLISHED BY: Center for Adolescent Health & the Law
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Health Disparities; HIV/AIDS and STIs; Safety Net Services; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: February 2006

Women of Color Health Data Book: Adolescents to Seniors, Third Edition

Published in 2006 by the Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, Office of the Director.

This report provides a detailed analysis of factors that affect the health of women of color and assesses the different health issues relevant for different groups of women of color.
PUBLISHED BY: Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, Office of the Director
FOCUS AREA: Health Disparities
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2006

Understanding Intimate Partner Violence

Published in 2006 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

This fact sheet defines intimate partner violence and explains why intimate partner violence is a public health issue. It also outlines steps to prevent intimate partner violence.
PUBLISHED BY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
FOCUS AREA: Healthy Relationships
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2006

Unequal Opportunities for Adolescent Reproductive Health

Fact Sheet by the Center for Applied Research and Technical Assistance

This fact sheet details how racial inequities lead to unequal opportunities for adolescents to experience optimal reproductive health. It lists poverty, residential or school segregation, racial profiling, lack of access to health care and lack of cultural or gender competence as barriers to reproductive health.
PUBLISHED BY: The Annie E. Casey Foundation
FOCUS AREA: Health Disparities; Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum; HIV/AIDS and STIs; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: January 2006

The Reproductive Health of Latina Immigrants

This fact sheet addresses reproductive health disparities among Latina immigrants. It asks policy makers and advocates to promote reproductive health equity through policy, advocacy, education, research, and services.
PUBLISHED BY: The National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health
FOCUS AREA: Health Disparities; Pregnancy, Birth, Postpartum; HIV/AIDS and STIs; Safety Net Services; Reproductive Health Care for Immigrants
PUBLICATION DATE: December 2005

National Commission on Correctional Health Care’s Position Statement on Women’s Health in Correctional Settings

This position statement provides a brief summary of the most pressing women’s health considerations for women entering prison with accompanying standards and recommendations for women’s health services in correctional settings.
PUBLISHED BY: National Commission on Correctional Health Care
FOCUS AREA: Reproductive Health for Incarcerated Women
PUBLICATION DATE: October 2005

Adolescent pregnancy: Current trends and Issues

Written by JD Klein & Committee on Adolescence, published in 2006 in Pediatrics.

This article outlines the trends in teenage pregnancy and compares the challenges in the United States with other countries. Additionally, it examines the psychosocial complications of teenage pregnancy and addresses how to prevent teenage pregnancy.
PUBLISHED BY: American Academy of Pediatrics
FOCUS AREA: Family Planning and Abortion; Comprehensive Sexuality Education; Young People
PUBLICATION DATE: July 2005

Women and Health Care: A National Profile

Written by A. Salganicoff, U. Ranji and R. Wyn, published in July 2005 by the Kaiser Family Foundation.

This report analyzes women’s barriers to health care. It examines which groups have increased barriers, such as poor women, uninsured women and women of color.
PUBLISHED BY: Kaiser Family Foundation
FOCUS AREA: Health Disparities
PUBLICATION DATE: July 2005
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